While commercial and industrial buildings are not very sensitive to the aesthetic appeal provided by the roofs that cover them (especially if that roof is a flat structure that is almost invisible when looking at the building from the ground), residential buildings need roofs that are functional as well as attractive. There is a very wide range of roof styles and materials available for residential roof designs – here are some of the most popular roof designs, the types of climate that each of them is best for and the materials that they are most commonly associated with.
Roofing structures cannot be completely flat – even the roofs that look flat slope at least a little. In the past, the solution used to be common on commercial and industrial buildings, but as modern, minimalist architectural solutions made their way into residential constructions, flat roofs also appeared on homes.
According to a reputable Lakewood roofing contractor, the design is beneficial for many reasons. It is the best solution for high-wind areas, it is easy to install and to maintain and it is usually made from very resistant and durable materials. The most popular material solutions for sloping roofs include metal; structures composed of multiple, alternated layers of bitumen or tar and some type of aggregate, such as special granules or gravel and synthetic materials, such as EPDM or TPO. The weather-resistance and the durability of flat roofs can be further enhanced with the help of coatings – you can find special products designed for enhancing the roofing material’s resistance to the penetration of water, to UV rays and to thermal fluctuations as well.
A gable roof is a classic roof style that is composed of two slopes that meet at the top to form a ridge. The solution is suitable for classic as well as for modern roofs, the simplicity, the elegance and the option to add attractive and useful roof features, such as skylights or dormers making gable roofs one of the most popular designs today.
Gable roofs are suitable for almost any climate area – whether you need a great, durable roof for a region that gets lots of rain and snow or for a very hot or very cold region, the steep slopes of gable structures allow precipitation to leave the roof quickly, while the large attic space ensures proper roof ventilation.
The materials most commonly used on gable roofs are asphalt shingles, metal, clay and cement tiles as well as some modern materials, such as synthetic solutions, solar panels and vegetation (a solution called a green roof).
Hip roofs feature four slopes that meet at the top. These structures provide superior structural stability, being the best option for high-wind regions and they also shed rain and snow efficiently, just like gable roofs. The shape of the roof allows for creating comfortable rooms right under the roof.
The materials most commonly used for building hip roofs are the same as in the case of gable roofs – asphalt shingles, clay and cement tiles, metal shingles and tiles, slate and wood.